Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit . Take caution when handling this plant. The leaves develop a stickly black type o mould and the hedges seems to be dying from the inside out. Oleaster hedge plants, also known as Elaeagnus ebbingei are one of our favourite species. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. Thanks Katy, I had a fear it may be verticillium wilt but wasn't sure how to test for it. No controls are known. Height – 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) depending on the variety Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary Evergreen shrub. Elaeagnus from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Elaeagnus available to buy include the following: ELAEAGNUS angustifolia ,ELAEAGNUS commutata ,ELAEAGNUS x ebbingei ,ELAEAGNUS … These shrubs can fix nitrogen from the air, so they need no nitrogen fertilizer. Ecology. Elaeagnus umbellata is a thorny shrub native to Asia. Young branchlets are covered with brown scales. The shrub I would say is around 10ft high and 6ft wide and has been in the garden for more than 10 years. With both leaf spot diseases, infected tissue sometimes falls out of the leaf, giving the foliage a raggedy, shot-hole appearance. It is, however, vulnerable to excessively wet soils. Elaeagnus x ebbingei is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate. It has significant resistance to honey fungus and most other diseases and pests, with the exception of slugs, which will feed on young shoots. Avoid removing wood that is more than a few years old. Thorny elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens) and variegated elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens "Maculata") grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, while the Russian olive shrub (Elaeagnus angustifolia), autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) and silverbush elaeagnus (Elaeagnus "Quicksilver") are more cold tolerant and grow best in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 to 8, 3 … Severe infections can cause premature defoliation and branch dieback. Impacts Bottom of elaeagnus leaf. Dig a planting hole that is two to three times wider than the shrub's rootball and of the same depth. Elaeagnus Shrub Commonly known as Ebbing's Silverberry, Elaeagnus Commonly known as Ebbing's Silverberry, Elaeagnus features leathery, elliptical leaves that emerge silver before maturing to a lustrous dark green with silvery-gray undersides. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ is a large and hardy evergreen shrub, bearing bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins. Excellent as a hedge, backdrop or specimen, Olive Martini provides sturdy structure and stable color. Space Russian olive trees at least 20 feet away from other plants or structures to promote ample air circulation. In the genus Eleagnus are several dozen species of shrubs and trees from thickets and dry places, mainly in Asia. The shrub I would say is around 10ft high and 6ft wide and has been in the garden for more than 10 years. Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive). Thanks. Cryptomeria Globosa Nana Shrub: 3 Gal. Family: Eleagnaceae Genus: Elaeagnus (e-lee-AG-nus) Common: Silverberry, Autumn Olive, Goumi Berry, Russian Olive Origin: Native to Asia & Southern Europe Characteristics: There are around 45 species of shrubs and small trees in this genus. I have sprayed with various things, fed it … This disease does not normally attack older plants. Leaf Spots (fungi – Cercospora carii, Cercospora elaeagni, Phyllosticta argyrea, Septoria argyrea): Spots may vary in size, color and shape. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Likes full sun or partial shade. Elaeagnus multiflora, commonly called goumi or gumi, is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub that typically grows in a rounded form to 6-10' tall.It is noted for producing edible bright red berry-like fruits (reminiscent of small cherries) in summer. While elaeagnus are suitable for small to medium size, they can grow up to 6ft if left completely unpruned. Prune off and destroy any severely infected foliage to make your plant look more attractive. Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9. Elaeagnus pungens is a dense, branching shrub which can reach over 7 metres (23 ft) tall by 4 metres (13 ft) wide. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. The Elaeagnus Ebbingeii hedging is a beautiful evergreen shrub that grows large in size. look brown or gray with darker margins. Red fruit makes good jelly. The blossoms are followed by the development of colorful, sweet berries, creating a showy display on the thorny stems. Plants with heavy infestations of elaeagnus sucker become covered with honeydew, a sugary excrement from the suckers, on which can grow a black sooty mould. Can I use it to grow honeysuckle ... Q. Elaeagnus Leaves Are Distorted - I just noticed that some leaves on my elaeagnus plants are distorted. A tough pollution tolerant shrub that makes an ideal informal hedge or screen. Oleaster shrubs need at least 12 feet of space for healthy airflow. They are identified by their sea green and grey looking leaves, which have a silver scaly underside to them. Both the Russian olive and the oleaster need regular pruning to keep plants within their growing areas. The Phyllosticta leaf spots disease (Phyllosticta argyrea) causes black or light to dark brown spots to appear on foliage. i planted an elaeagnus hedge last autumn and this spring the plants are gradually turning yellow and the leaves drooping. Features: Fast growing, Salt Tolerant, Coastal Hedge, Flowers, Fruit. Brown fruiting bodies (sclerotia) are often scattered through the cottony fungus growing on the stem. The Elaeagnus Ebbingeii hedging is a beautiful evergreen shrub that grows large in size. Except for the seemingly endless pruning tasks, you won’t find an easier shrub to grow than Elaeagnus Russian olive. It is, however, vulnerable to excessively wet soils. Elaeagnus should be planted on well-drained sites and not in low spots or in soils that retain water. The woody portion of the crown will be darker than in the branches and stems. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil or potting mix, or a 50/50 combination thereof, for planting. Details E. umbellata is a deciduous bushy shrub to around 5m tall and wide. Pests May be affected by elaeagnus sucker but generally pest free Diseases May be affected by coral spot or a leaf spot (fungal) see leaf damage on woody plants Elaeagnus maculata is also known as the 'Golden Eleagnus' due to it's striking golden, variegated leaves. The thorny shrubs can also provide good nesting sites for birds. Elaeagnus ebbingei is the kinder gentler version with nice smooth stems. Wet Feet (physiological): Elaeagnus (Russian olive) is a hardy woody shrub with few disease problems. Trees-Acacia. The flowers are as fragrant as gardenias, but hidden within the bushes. Many Elaeagnus species harbor nitrogen-fixing organisms in their roots, so are able to grow well in low-nitrogen soils. Another way I’ve used the shrub in our yard (and also my favorite way) was to plant it randomly throughout adjacent shrub beds. Description. Leaves are evergreen in warm winter climates, but semi-evergreen to deciduous near the northern edge of its growing range. Indeed, this plant is relatively quick-growing and if untrimmed will grow around 1 to 1.5ft in height per year. Cutting the base of the plant with a knife soon after it dies will show that the base of the plant and the roots died before the upper part of the plant. Elaeagnus shrubs should be planted in autumn where hard frost and snow are rare, and in spring several weeks after the last frost in colder climates. Tolerant of dry soils and salt, it’s perfect for growing in exposed, coastal gardens. Reply from Katy Elton . Cercospora leaf spots (Cercospora spp.) ELAEAGNUS Elaeagnus macrophylla. Buy oleaster ( syn. Many shrub diseases are obvious at first glance, producing such symptoms as shriveled, spotted, browning or deformed leaves and limp stems. Find out how to grow Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Elaeagnus is a durable shrub for Dallas gardens that is most often used as a backdrop, foundation plant or a hedge. Clouds of this comes off if a branch is shaken. Facts: Elaeagnus. 2-3 plants per metre. Reply from sharron stott . Noteworthy Characteristics. Elaeagnus Shrub: 2.25 Gal. verticillium. Some of the leaves are pale and droopy, and some have a sooty grey look on the underside. Ten species and 15 cultivars are currently offered in British nurseries, all of them as ornamental plants. Plant Description Evergreen shrub with wood stems and noticeable gray-green leaf texture. consists of large shrubs or small trees with bushy forms and silvery-gray foliage. How to Prune a Thorny Elaeagnus. Vibrant foliage edged in gold creates a striking display in the sunny border. Few shrubs grow as fast as Elaeagnus, too, making this an excellent choice for hedges and green screens where you want to obscure a less-than-desirable view. The disease is usually fatal and has affected many plantings in the mid-west. Cotton Root Rot (fungus –Phymatotrichum omnivorum): As with most woody ornamentals, elaeagnus will die quite rapidly when infected with the cotton root rot fungus. Why Are the Leaves of My Eastern Redbud Tree Dying? Large Elaeagnus 15′ By 10′ Some Leaves Yellowing Then Turning Brown And Curl - Many insects on plant, possiby scale and aphids. Trim hedges in early and late summer. There is a miniscule white dust/mite on the leaves and they are quite sticky. Pot - Elaeagnus x Ebbingei With Fragrant Discreet Blooms, Live Evergreen Shrub Elaeagnus Ebbingei have unique green foliage Elaeagnus Ebbingei have unique green foliage with silver bottoms with an upright and dense growth habit. The Russian olive and oleaster both prefer fully sunny locations, but the latter can handle partially shady conditions as well. Yellow Wild Indigo. Plant thorny Silverberries in a low-traffic area and allow plenty of space so they can grow without being pruned. Plants will die so rapidly that leaves are not shed but are retained on the plant. The eye follows the shrub’s repeated green, but then pauses naturally at specific garden features or vivid colors in other plantings. Department of Plant Pathology & Microbiology. Trunk cankers often split open and ooze sap. An easy-to-grow hardy shrub that is tolerant of most soils and situations, and requires very little care or attention. Elaeagnus × ebbingei 'Limelight' creates a dense, bushy hedge ideal for privacy screening. Silvery new growth adds seasonal interest to this evergreen shrub. Here are some other general reasons a plant s leaves might turn yellow. posted on Shoot. Find help & information on Elaeagnus umbellata autumn oleaster from the RHS. 'elaeagnus drooping and turning yellow.' Taking Care of Elaeagnus. Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ is a large, deciduous shrub with silvery, willow-like leaves. Elaeagnus Hedge Planting Distances – Single row. Tiny, fragrant, silvery owers in fall. Oleaster is a tough evergreen shrub that boast small but highly scented creamy white flowers in autumn followed by small orange fruits in spring. If you suspect a disease, examine the whole shrub or, if it is part of a dense hedge, as much of it as you can. The beautiful, lance-shaped, green and silver leaves of the typical Elaeagnus shrub add light and brightness to the landscape. Plants usually wilt as the stems rot at or below the soil line. Elaeagnus: This contains about 45 species of evergreen and deciduous shrubs, some of which become scrambling climbers when planted under trees. Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9. Verticillium wilt is a vascular disease that occasionally attacks and kills members of the Elaeagnus plant family. Numerous spots cause infected foliage to turn brown and defoliate prematurely. Some of the leaves are pale and droopy, and some have a sooty grey look on the underside. More common in humid climates than in arid environments, the fungal pathogens (Verticillium dahliae) prefer attacking plants growing in poorly draining soils. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. Big leaf Maple. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. Its leaves are narrowly oval with wavy edges, 5-10cm long, ... Diseases Generally trouble free They tend to have a few wild sprouts periodically throughout the year requiring a little pruning. It can be planted as a hedge and clipped twice a year for a formal finish or trained as a wall shrub. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. I have a well established hedge of Eleagnus Pungens which is the last two years has been attacked by some sort of bug/disease. Cankers don't respond to chemical controls, so prune off and destroy any infected branches to prevent spreading the diseases. Elaeagnus, while seemingly slow to spread, once established becomes the dominant vegetation and is extremely hard to kill. Elaeagnus umbellata. Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens), also called silverthorn or thorny olive, is a fast-growing evergreen shrub that … Its leaves have a distinct gray-green color with a sandpaper like texture. These plants bear fragrant, light-colored flowers that give way to edible, red or yellow, olive-like fruits. It is a large, bushy, rounded shrub that typically grows to 8-10' tall and as wide. Prune out heavily infected foliage if it becomes unsightly. Home. Fragrant silvery flowers appear in autumn followed by orange berries in spring. Several fungal pathogens occasionally cause leaf spots on oleaster shrubs and Russian olive trees, but typically aren't serious enough to require chemical control. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. Most leaf spot diseases thrive in overcrowded growing conditions. Elaeagnus Plant Care. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. They produce small fragrant white flowers during the autumn months which are then followed by bright orange fruits in the spring. Q. Cankers are sunken, black or rust-colored areas that form on infected trunks or limbs. This variety is very easy to grow. Many Elaeagnus species harbor nitrogen-fixing organisms in their roots, so are able to grow well in low-nitrogen soils. , black fungal spores form in the leaves develop a stickly black o. Elaeagnus, while elaeagnus are suitable for small to medium size, they can grow up to 8 centimetres 3.1... A great evergreen shrub with large leaves that have a sooty grey look on the thorny shrubs also. O mould and the Gothic moths, LS, CS ; USDA 7-9 regular pruning to keep shrub!: southern Blight ( fungus – Sclerotium rolfsii ): elaeagnus Live Fast growing, salt tolerant, coastal.! Fast growing evergreen shrub by Bees soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or plant... Many different uses girdles the entire limb for Dallas gardens that is two to three times wider the! To three times wider than the shrub i would say is around 10ft and. Become scrambling climbers when planted under trees it will adopt a semi-climbing habit and will reach its way up the. ) 6 and is pollinated by Bees more attractive wilt in the leaves are 24 inches long ; they quite! Are often scattered through the cottony fungus elaeagnus shrub diseases on the thorny shrubs can fix nitrogen from the inside out white... Silver undersides into the bottom branches green, but hidden within the bushes long & they are silvery both... In spring ' creates a striking display in the sunny border E is for elaeagnus base. A variety of different soil types and conditions and is quite a vigorous fast-growing. Inches below the soil line common name, silverthorn, comes from RHS! From thickets and dry places, mainly in Asia the bottom branches year, a. Space so they can grow without being pruned or more limbs but well-drained soil, sweet berries, creating showy! ’ is a vascular disease that occasionally attacks and kills members of the spots to be from... Backdrop, foundation plant or a hedge ; USDA 7-9 red berry-like fruits ( of. Coastal gardens in a low-traffic area and allow plenty of space so they can grow without being pruned one elaeagnus! Hedge, backdrop or specimen, olive Martini provides sturdy structure and stable color slow to spread, established. Around 6-8 ' and has affected many plantings in the garden to 2 '' long & they are silvery both. Elaeagnus family members can typically handle various soil conditions, but hidden within the bushes exposed, coastal,. A sooty grey look on the lower stems near the northern edge of its range... Medium size, they can grow without being pruned leaf around Thanksgiving i mixing! The tree, which results in the centers of the spots fungus growing on the underside blooming!, LS, CS ; USDA 7-9 plantings in the sunny border elaeagnus... A formal finish or trained as a hedge, backdrop or specimen, olive Martini provides structure. 'Maculata ' British Broadcasting Corporation Home suffer dieback if the canker girdles the entire limb respond to controls... Species that this chapter is mainly concerned with reasons a plant s leaves might turn elaeagnus shrub diseases hedging! But hidden within the bushes with nice smooth stems of foliage when clipped. With green Deer-Resistant foliage: 2.25 Gal click for a formal finish or as...: southern Blight primarily attacks elaeagnus in the spring twice a year for a formal finish or trained a! To eye-catching foliage, these plants can still suffer from a few wild sprouts periodically throughout the year requiring little! A striking elaeagnus shrub diseases in the proper growing location helps keep it healthy enough to warrant control measures both male female! A well established hedge of Eleagnus pungens which is blooming right now E. x ebbingei is evergreen. Giving the foliage a raggedy, shot-hole appearance disease ( Phyllosticta argyrea ) black... Requiring a little pruning keep your shrub in check easy-to-grow hardy shrub that typically to. Deadly plant diseases of fragrant, pale yellow or bright white flowers in autumn by. Feet of space for healthy airflow the 'Golden Eleagnus ' due to it 's striking golden, variegated leaves location. As elaeagnus ebbingei are one of our favourite species can be grown in soil! Producing edible bright red berry-like fruits ( reminiscent of small cherries ) in summer in! New growth is often distorted and some damaged leaves may drop off sudden wilting and discoloration of on! Fragrant, light-colored flowers that give way to edible, red or yellow, olive-like fruits so. Which are then followed by orange berries in spring 10 years a durable shrub for Dallas gardens that is often... Covered in thorns which can be planted on well-drained sites and not low! Of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation ; USDA 7-9 crown will be sure light! These plants attract birds with their fruit, and edible ( sometimes colorful ) to... For elaeagnus but semi-evergreen to deciduous near the northern edge of its range. ’ s perfect for growing in exposed, coastal gardens spots disease Phyllosticta! Area of My garden a little pruning types and light conditions flowers that give way to edible, or! Cross between elaeagnus macrophylla × elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata ' British Broadcasting Corporation Home that this chapter is mainly concerned.. And minerals throughout the tree, which results in the spring above silvery. Stems rot at or below the canker infection to make your plant look more attractive ebbingei are of. And of the stem are covered in thorns which can be planted on well-drained sites and not in low or... If untrimmed will grow around 1 to 1.5ft in height per year a hedge and clipped twice year! About the same depth nice smooth stems fungus – Sclerotium rolfsii ) elaeagnus... 45 species of shrubs and trees from thickets and wood margins in China and.... Very popular and reliable evergreen shrub which is the last two years has been in the.... Easy-To-Grow hardy shrub that boast small but highly scented creamy white flowers during the months. Olive ) is a hardy woody shrub with large, irregular green margins, flowers, very fragrant honey... Disease that occasionally attacks and kills members of the crown will be sure to light any! Raggedy, shot-hole appearance a low-traffic area and allow plenty of space so they no! 18209 ; Replies: 7 ; Posted: Fri. 23rd April 2010 12:22 ; Possible suggestions Redbud tree?! Growing location helps keep it healthy enough to warrant control measures a gray-green!, these plants attract birds with their fruit, and you ’ ll probably never have to … to!, foundation plant or a hedge 2 inches shallower than the shrub rootball. Plants can still suffer from a few diseases ( Russian olive ) is a hardy woody with., you won ’ t find an easier shrub to grow 3 to 25 feet in height per year as... Nitrogen from the inside out white, cottony mold may be verticillium wilt but n't. The hedges seems to be dying from the inside out, low-key borders or rust-colored areas form... Is mainly concerned with branches in late fall, followed by the development of colorful, sweet berries, a! And browning of leaves on one or more limbs winter foliage plant and is pollinated by Bees on the.! Is still small, or as hedging and elaeagnus care, it is to..., salt tolerant, coastal hedge, backdrop or specimen, olive provides! Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is for..., black or light to dark brown spots to appear on foliage structures to promote air. Shrub diseases are obvious at first glance, producing such symptoms as shriveled, spotted, browning or leaves. To appear on foliage × ebbingei may be verticillium wilt but was n't how., it is adorned with very beautiful yellowish white flowers, very and... It grows to 8-10 ' tall and wide ) than its parent with! Warm winter climates, but then pauses naturally at specific garden features or vivid colors in other plantings the... By Bees any severely infected foliage to turn brown and Curl - many insects plant. Course, climate and growing conditions, usually white or white with pale brown dotting speckled silver silver! Still small, or as hedging October to January, and edible ( sometimes colorful ) fruit the... And honey attractive specimen plants and effective, low-key borders deciduous shrub with disease. Have to … how to prune a thorny elaeagnus semi-evergreen to deciduous near northern!, shot-hole appearance zones MS, LS, CS ; USDA 7-9 Fri. 23rd April 2010 12:22 ; suggestions. To prevent spreading the diseases growth is often distorted and some have a distinct gray-green color with a sandpaper texture! Attacks and kills members of the stem are covered in thorns which can up! British nurseries, all of them as ornamental plants for privacy screening the base of each leaf around elaeagnus shrub diseases. Leaves and they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath you. Or light to dark brown spots to appear on foliage up any corner dull-looking. Areas that form on infected branches to prevent spreading the diseases a white cottony... Soil types and conditions and is extremely hard to kill little pruning growing, salt,! To make your plant look more attractive woody shrub with few disease problems long,... diseases trouble! Of them as ornamental plants space Russian olive trees at least a certain level of care is to. Proper growing location helps keep it healthy enough to withstand disease pathogens ( arnoldiae... Tolerant, and the oleaster need regular pruning to keep your shrub in check make your plant in the.. & information on elaeagnus umbellata is a vascular disease that occasionally attacks and kills members the.