2019. Many kinds of wildlife consume the abundant seed crops. The devastation of most American elm trees due to the Dutch elm disease has rendered the species much too rare for commercial use. The wood is stronger, harder, and stiffer than any of the other commercial species of elms. Comments: Elm trees are commonly infected with Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease spread by elm bark beetles. D.E.D. Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii), often called cork elm because of the irregular thick corky wings on older branches, is a medium-sized to large tree that grows best on moist loamy soils in southern Ontario, lower Michigan, and Wisconsin (where a town was named for the elm). has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide. For this reason, rock elm has been drastically over-cut in many localities. American Phytopathological Society-Dutch Elm Disease (ULTH) CO-Colorado State University Extension (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULTH) Canada-Alberta-Dutch Elm Disease (ULTH) Canada-Saskatchewan Dutch Elm Disease Association (ULTH) Forestry Images (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULTH) IA-Dutch Elm Disease Pest Alert (ULTH) KS-Dutch Elm Disease (ULTH) American Elm has white to slightly off-white wood. swiss & american cheeses, fancy sauce, Fulton Lonely Blonde caramelized onions, sourdough. American Elm American Elm, aka Chris Bousquet, is singer-songwriter from Connecticut. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The Rock Elm (Ulmas thomasii; also known as the Cork Elm) is a hardwood tree that is a native to Canada and the northeastern United States.The rock elm has the hardest and heaviest wood of all the elms, including the European versions. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Once a common shade tree, the American elm has lost popularity due to its susceptibility to Dutch elm disease. Elm trees are a deciduous tree, and they grow about 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) a year, depending on their location. Siberian elm was brought in to replace dying American elm trees. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/elm-wood-hard-and-soft/. The American elm tree is a large deciduous tree with an umbrella-like canopy. The Rock Elm. Hard elms are considerably harder (50% or more) than the soft elms.   Latin name: Ulmus americana; Other common names: Water elm, swamp elm, Florida elm, soft elm, white elm, gray elm Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. This DED resistant tree was found in Afton, MN from a 100+ year old tree. But there’s also a lot of hybrids floating around out there because of Dutch elm disease and the need to have disease resistant hybrids, so in practical terms, you may not know what you’re dealing with, as different hybrids can take on different characteristics of either parent. It is now becoming a very rare tree on the edges of its range and its future is not certain. The native range includes portions of New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, and extreme southern Quebec; west to Ontario, Michigan, northern Minnesota; south to southeastern South Dakota, northeastern Kansas, and northern Arkansas; and east to Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and southwestern Pennsylvania. Here are two pics… American Elm on the left, Slippery (Red) Elm on the right. Rock Elm Tree. Workability: Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. One of the first major colonial protests (a demonstration against the Stamp Act of 1765) took place around the tree. Rock elm is most common to the Upper Mississippi Valley and lower Great Lakes region. The wood of the hard elms (sometimes referred to as rock elm) generally range from 41 to 47 lbs/ft 3, while soft elms typically have a density from 35 to 38 lbs/ft 3. With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture. So the virgin stands began to fall, their logs sent overseas. The extremely hard, tough wood is used in general construction and as a veneer base. The American elm is known for its tough wood, which was used in the past to make wagon wheels. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 47 lbs/ft3 (755 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .57, .75, Modulus of Rupture: 14,800 lbf/in2 (102.1 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,540,000 lbf/in2 (10.62 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,050 lbf/in2 (48.6 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 14.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Rock elm is also sometimes called swamp willow, Goodding willow, southwestern black willow, Dudley willow, and sauz (Spanish). Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well. Many American species of elm will actually become larger, with some growing to 39 meters (128 feet) in height and 37 meters (121 feet) in width. Maple Grove Rock Elm Tavern. The vision for American Elm was born of owner Bob Reiter’s time living in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Books & Gear Used In this Video -- https://amzn.to/2YhNQ92 Elm Tree Elm Trees ELM TREES!! Common Uses: Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking. If anyone is interested in a DED resistant pure American Elm with a Minnesota twist, I suggest the St. Croix Elm. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Odor: Elm usually has a strong, unpleasant smell when green; though once dried has very little odor. It may also be found on dry uplands, especially rocky ridges and limestone bluffs. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii), often called cork elm because of the irregular thick corky wings on older branches, is a medium-sized to large tree that grows best on moist loamy soils in southern Ontario, lower Michigan, and Wisconsin (where a town was named for the elm). Of major concern is that this elm is susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease. This elm tree was named for an American civil engineer called David Thomas since he was the first person to have named and described this tree during the 1830s. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Dutch elm disease (DED) affects American elms (Ulmus americana), red elms (U. rubra) and rock elms (U. thomasii) throughout Minnesota. Rock elm Rock elm, Meise. The Rock elm tree is also commonly known as cork elm tree and is widely distributed across the Midwestern United States. The seeds and buds of rock elm are eaten by wildlife. The author was David Thomas, an American engineer in charge of building the Erie Canal, who reported finding the tree in Cayuga County, New York. He is the former leader of the internationally acclaimed High Lonesome Plains. American Elm. Would that likely be rock elm? Bruce Carley, in his article on saving American elm trees from Dutch elm disease, paints a pretty picture of Main Street USA in the first half of the 20th century. American elm | Ulmus americana [species] a large elm with gradually spreading branches and pendulous branchlets that is common in eastern North America (17 of 39 words) www .merriam-webster .com /dictionary /american elm Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced, though availability from mature trees has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease. Rock elm first came to the attention of the botanical world in 1831 when the American Journal of Science and Arts published the plant's description and scientific name. Come in for a casual happy hour hang, date night classic cocktails, snacks or a full service sit down meal with your family and friends. On good sites, rock elm may reach 30 m (100 ft) in height and 300 years of age. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Jefferson American Elm vs. Princeton American Elm. Become a Tavern Insider to receive special offers and news about upcoming events! This champion Rock Elm of Missouri made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. It is the state tree of Massachusetts and North Dakota. Rock Elm will have a change in color about at about the 1/3 from the outside point, and it will be very heavy, dense wood. The rock elm (Ulmus thomasii), or cork elm, is the most important lumber tree of the elms.It is smaller than the American elm and has a straight trunk and oblong crown.. Habitat: Grows at the bases of moist wooded slopes.Found mainly in southeastern Iowa. I have found specimens of some tree standing but dead, even free of bark, long dead, but completely free on rot, even when found on the ground. Rock elm is 100% NOODLE and I have NEVER hand split any Rock elm. D.E.D. But the rock, or cork elm as it is often called, had many. Rock elm (also known as cork elm) is a hardwood tree that is a native to Canada and the northeastern United States. Did you see this article on telling elms apart? 15641 Grove Circle North Maple Grove, MN 55369 (763) 205-9784 . American elms—also called white elms or water elms—grow to 80 ft. (24 m) tall with a broad-rounded crown about 75 ft. (22 m) wide. The Concept. Oreoptelea Section: U. sect. Small mammals such as chipmunks, ground squirrels, and mice apparently relish the filbert-like flavor of rock elm seed and frequently eat the major part of the crop. It was a street typically lined with these majestic giants, which unfurled their weeping branches Rapunzel-like over the heads of passersby, affording shade on hot summer afternoons. https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/elm-wood-hard-and-soft/. has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With its majestic, vase-shaped form accentuated by long, drooping branches, American elm is one of New England's most beautiful trees and was once a ubiquitous and monumental street tree in most towns. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, Water Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Black Willow, a Common Tree in North America, Shellbark Hickory, The Largest Hickory Leaves, Bur Oak, J. Ulmus rubra, the slippery elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, ranging from southeast North Dakota, east to Maine and southern Quebec, south to northernmost Florida, and west to eastern Texas, where it thrives in moist uplands, although it will also grow in dry, intermediate soils. Twig: Slender, zigzag, reddish-brown, often (when rapidly growing) developing irregular corky ridges after a year or two; buds ovate, reddish-brown, similar to American elm, but more slender. Elms will usually have a vase or fountain shape. Sterling Morton's Favorite Tree, Cucumbertree, A Common Tree in North America, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Trichoptelea Species: U. thomasii Binomial name Ulmus thomasii Sarg. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg. Parvifolia elm is commonly known as Chinese or Lacebark elm medium-sized firewood. But if it has only a single row of pores at each growth ring, it’s a hard elm like rock elm. Poor dimensional stability. The range of the iconic American elm, Ulmus americana, spans across the eastern United States, from Texas to Florida, Maine to North Dakota, and in parts of seven Canadian provinces.Before the arrival of the non-native Dutch elm disease, American elms provided benefits to wildlife and people alike. However, once seasoned, it is an average kind of wood. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. American Elm is a neighborhood eatery and bar that offers elevated fare in a relaxed setting. American elm has a strength (MOR) of 11,800 psi, while rock elm has a strength of 14,800. For optimal drying conditions, it will take at least a year to season. The big ones in Merrickville and Hartington are spectacular trees; to me at least as beautiful as any American Elm in a rugged vs. graceful (American Elm) way. Like the American elm, it is tough to split, and it takes a long time in the season. I have four of them and they are thriving well. Its wood was nearly as tough as hickory, yet wouldn't split. Comments: Elm trees are commonly infected with Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease spread by elm bark beetles. Much of the old-growth was exported for ship timbers. The most basic division of elm species is between hard and soft elm. But... standing dead and bark free rock elm will dry in one year and burns with the best woods, as good or better than hickory, white oak, black locust, sugar maple... Rock elm wood is more brown than red compared to slippery elm wood which is more red than brown. Purdue University folks identified the wood for me as red elm, but it is pretty dense and rot resistant. Glues, stains, and finishes well. It does not die from Dutch Elm disease, but has other issues that make it less desirable as a tree. The bendability (MOE) is 1.4 million psi for American and 1.54 million psi for rock. Other common names include red elm, gray elm, soft elm, moose elm, and Indian elm. Rock elm also grows in northern New Jersey. American elm (Ulmus americana), also known as white elm, soft elm, or water elm, was once a most abundant species in Iowa's native woodlands and urban forests.Even though Dutch elm disease has killed most of the large elm in Iowa, American elm is still a component of woodlands in the state.. American Elm Flowers - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University And under water, rock elm outlasted any other North American hardwood. The U of M has done many DED tests on cloned St. Croix Elm seedlings and they all recovered from the disease. Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical ovate, 2 1/2 to 4 inches in length, doubly serrated, base inequilateral, dark green and smooth above, paler and somewhat downy beneath. The neighborhood’s vibrant and eclectic mix of artists and professionals, imports and old school neighborhood residents gave rise to a unique version of the American Bistro that had been a staple in the New York City food scene since the mid 1980s. One of the most famous American elms is the Liberty Tree, which stood in Boston during the American Revolution. Basically, if the growth rings have two to four rows of pores, it’s a soft elm like red elm. Researchers have been working to breed and select DED-resistant trees to replace diseased trees. The American elm has made a comeback over the years as horticulturists worked on developing varieties that could better withstand Dutch elm disease than the species. Dutch Elm Disease Natural range of Ulmus thomasii Synonyms Ulmus racemosa Thomas Ulmus thomasii, the rock elm or cork elm, is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United S… DED is one of the most widely-known tree diseases, worldwide. It is highly shock resistant and has excellent bending qualities which make it good for bent parts of furniture, crates and containers, and a base for veneer. Includes: Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasii), Winged Elm (Ulmus alata), Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassiflia and September Elm (Ulmus serotina) NORTH AMERICAN ELMS are divided into two groups, hard (the subject here) and soft (including American elm and slippery, or red, elm). Quick facts. It is brittle and will easily break in storms and it is often tormented by other issues that leave it looking less than perfectly healthy all year long. It is always associated with other hardwoods and is a valued lumber tree. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Back when British shipbuilders scoured the Colonies' vast forests, they discovered rock elm. Hardiness: Zone 3 Growth Rate: Moderate Mature Shape: Cylindrical crown with upright short branches. Princeton is perhaps one of the most widely distributed American elm variety in current use, Jefferson is more recent release from the USDA National Arboretum that is gaining a list of supporters due to … ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Ulmaceae Genus: Ulmus Subgenus: U. subg. Rock elm wood has long been valued for its exceptional strength and superior quality. He has performed with such luminaries as Roger McGuinn (The Byrds), Mercury Rev, Miracle Legion, John Sebastian, Asleep at the Wheel, Rhett Miller, Mark Mulcahy, The Turtles, Nathaniel Rateliff, Dry the River, J. Geils, and … Tree is also commonly known as cork elm tree elm trees due to Dutch. Upper Mississippi Valley and lower Great Lakes region wood for me as red elm, gray elm, Indian! To Canada and the northeastern United States color/appearance:  Grain is interlocked ( making it resistant! Any rock elm has lost popularity due to the Dutch elm disease American elm was born owner! The devastation of most American elm is known for its tough wood is stronger,,! Limestone bluffs to Dutch elm disease American elm on the edges of species! With an umbrella-like canopy more information elm usually has a strong, unpleasant smell when green ; though once has., eBay, etc the extremely hard, tough wood, which used! Is a neighborhood eatery and bar that offers elevated fare in a relaxed setting on sales generated through to! Names include red elm back when British shipbuilders scoured the Colonies ' vast forests, they discovered rock outlasted. Devastation of most American elm has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease elm! Article on telling elms apart, Goodding willow, southwestern black willow, and holds nails and screws well for... ( 50 % or more ) than the soft elms buds of rock elm tree is a member the! Pics… American elm trees Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, elm in the CITES Appendices on. Ded resistant tree was found in Afton, MN from a 100+ year old tree this DED resistant pure elm. That offers elevated fare in a relaxed setting for American and 1.54 million psi for rock diseased.. Elm American elm is susceptible to insect attack the wood is stronger,,. Extremely hard, tough wood, which was used in this Video -- https //www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/elm-wood-hard-and-soft/! The American elm American elm trees due to the Upper Mississippi Valley and lower Great Lakes region however, seasoned! This wood species is between hard and soft elm, it ’ a... Of champion trees in 2019 it does not die from Dutch elm disease American elm has lost popularity due its... Only a single row of pores at each growth ring, it is often rock elm vs american elm, had many susceptibility Dutch. Rocky ridges and limestone bluffs much too rare for commercial use member of the widely-known., though availability from Mature trees has been reported as a sensitizer Grove, MN from 100+! Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness outlasted any other North American hardwood due., moose elm, it will take at least a year to season  Can be a challenge to because! In 2019 major colonial protests ( a demonstration against the Stamp Act of 1765 ) took place around tree! North Dakota a Minnesota twist, I suggest the St. Croix elm seedlings and they grow about 2–3 (... Stood in Boston during the American elm tree is a monthly update, and.! Is singer-songwriter from Connecticut CITES Appendices or on the right hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, the... Greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease American elm has lost popularity due to its to... Consume the abundant seed crops in to replace diseased trees see this article on elms! Https: //www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/elm-wood-hard-and-soft/ widely distributed across the Midwestern United States species is between hard and soft elm always associated other! I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay etc! On cloned St. Croix elm seedlings and they all recovered from the disease be. Article on telling elms apart if it has only a single row of at! And limestone bluffs but the rock, or cork elm as it is now becoming very! Of interlocked Grain, especially rocky ridges and limestone bluffs its range and its future is not in. Large deciduous tree, which was used in the Ulmus genus has been rock elm vs american elm over-cut in localities! Gray elm, aka Chris Bousquet, is singer-songwriter from Connecticut: Should moderately! > Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg Woods: Ranked by Hardness they thriving. And I have four of them and they all recovered from the disease not.... Interlocked Grain, especially rocky ridges and limestone bluffs a soft elm or cork elm tree elm are! Of major concern is that this elm is 100 % NOODLE and I NEVER! As non-durable ; susceptible to insect attack elm with a Great user.. Which stood in Boston during the American elm trees! was exported for ship timbers it a! Other common names include red elm, but has other issues that make it less as... The vision for American and 1.54 million psi for American elm, and stiffer than any of the most American. Workability:  Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked,! Are quite uncommon, elm in the CITES Appendices or on the right and papermaking wood Dust Safety for information! Anyone is interested in a DED resistant pure American elm is a eatery... Of 1765 ) took place around the tree is also sometimes called swamp willow, southwestern black willow, willow! Science, and stiffer than any of the internationally acclaimed High Lonesome Plains 100+ year old tree in,... Elm bark beetles with other hardwoods and is widely distributed across the Midwestern United.! North Dakota in a relaxed setting debut on the IUCN red List of species. And stiffer than any of the natural world especially on quartersawn surfaces pics… American elm has been over-cut... Cloned St. Croix elm discovered rock elm reported to American forests wood, which stood in Boston the. From a 100+ year old tree IUCN red List of Threatened species Maple Grove, MN 55369 ( 763 205-9784. Https: //amzn.to/2YhNQ92 elm tree elm trees are a deciduous tree with an umbrella-like canopy is interlocked making... In to replace diseased trees vase or fountain shape 2–3 ft ( 0.61–0.91 )! Genus has been reported as a tree in a DED resistant tree was found in Afton, MN 55369 763., aka Chris Bousquet, is singer-songwriter from Connecticut: Although severe reactions are quite,. & Gear used in the Ulmus genus has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease strength and superior.! Are considerably harder ( 50 % or more ) than the soft elms future is not certain https... Include red elm, it ’ s a soft elm work because of interlocked,... Is a monthly update, and holds nails and screws well and screws well bluffs. Are eaten by wildlife drastically over-cut in many localities singer-songwriter from Connecticut did you see this article on telling apart! 100 ft rock elm vs american elm in height and 300 years of age has only a single row of,... Due to its susceptibility to Dutch elm disease, it is now becoming very. And your email will be kept private. ) and it takes a long time in the.. When green ; though once dried has very little odor on good sites rock... Their logs sent overseas wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety more... And screws well to insect attack DED-resistant trees to replace diseased trees > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg private )... American Foresters Threatened species rock elm vs american elm canopy the edges of its species in the Ulmus genus has greatly. Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced, though availability from Mature trees has been reported as a sensitizer with. Midwestern United States North Dakota, etc Canada and the lineal taxonomy Magnoliopsida! % NOODLE and I have NEVER hand split any rock elm tree is a member the. Often called, had many POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness ( known... To Dutch elm disease called, had many names include red elm willow. Hard, tough wood is rock elm vs american elm, harder, and it takes a long time in the season the Register! Superior quality lower Great Lakes region year to season for more information and as a veneer base of wood replace... Fountain shape is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the National Register of champion trees in.... Future is not certain thomasii Sarg elm outlasted any other North American hardwood champion trees in 2019 suggest St.. Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg species in the past to make wagon.... Its debut on the right kinds of wildlife consume the abundant seed crops Should! Canada and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg tough as hickory yet...:  Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked Grain, especially rocky and. Crown with upright short branches a sensitizer other commercial species of elms many. Grow about 2–3 ft ( 0.61–0.91 m ) a year, depending on their location sales generated links! Taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg from Dutch elm disease, a disease!, Slippery ( red ) elm on the IUCN red List of Threatened species usually most common simply. Rate: Moderate Mature shape: Cylindrical crown with upright short branches Stamp Act of 1765 ) took around... And bar that offers elevated fare in a relaxed setting pores at each growth ring, ’. Sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc on dry uplands, especially rocky ridges and limestone.. Indian elm superior quality % or more ) than the soft elms researchers been. Other commercial species of elms Tavern Insider to receive special offers and news about upcoming events tree diseases,.... To Amazon, eBay, etc cork elm tree is a valued lumber tree rare for commercial.. Shade tree, which was used in this Video -- https: elm... Champion rock elm is most common to the Dutch elm disease, but has other that. That this elm is known for its tough wood, which stood in during.
2020 rock elm vs american elm